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Kaizen No-Michi School of Shotokan Karate

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Karate Terminology

 

As with any other art form Shotokan karate has its own unique terminology, and even though Shotokan is taught all over the world, and in many different languages, it is still common in most dojos to give some commands in Japanese.The following list of Japanese words and their English counter part is by no means definative and so students are encouraged to view this list as merely a starting point in their own effort to further their knowledge of all that Shotokan Karate has to offer.

 

Dojo

Training Hall

Sensei

Teacher

Sempai

Senior Black Belt

Kihon

Basics

Kata

Form/Pattern

Kumite

Sparring

Jodan

Head Area

Chudan

Stomach Area

Gedan

Groin Area

Mawate

Turn

Osu

Sign of Acknowlegement

Yoi

Get Ready

Yame

Stop

Seiza

Kneel Down

Hajime

Start

Oi-Tsuki

Stepping Punch

Gyaku -Tsuki

Reverse Punch

Gedan-Barai

Sweeping Groin Block

Shuto-Uke

Knife Hand Block

Uchi-Uke

Inside Block

Age- Uke

Raising Block

Soto-Uke

Outside Block

 

Ichi

One

Ni

Two

San

Three

Shi

Four

Go

Five

Roku

Six

Shichi

Seven

Hachi

Eight

Kyu

Nine

Juu

Ten

Dogi

Karate Suit

Kuro Obi

Black Belt

Tsuki

Punch

Geri

Kick

Kiba-Dachi

Horse Back Stance

Zenkutsu-Dachi

Front Stance

Kokutsu-Dachi

Back Stance

Choku-Tsuki

Standing Punch

Mae-Geri

Front Kick

Mawashi-Geri

Roundhouse Kick

Yoko-Geri

Side Kick

Ushiro-Geri

Back Kick